Silk Road 11 : Skardu; and Khaplu Fort, Pakistan

By Ali Karim
This post is part of a series called Silk Road Pakistan June 2016
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Skardu is a large town, located in a valley at the confluence of the Indus river and the Shigar rivers, about 8,200ft above sea level. It is within the Karakoram mountain range. It is also a big military and police garrison town, and not far from the Kashmir line of control.

The history of Skardu dates back over 400yrs, and is also known as Little Tibet due to the Tibetan influence, and language mixes. The language here is Balti, different from the Shina spoken in Gilgit. The town itself does not offer much, but it is a major point for mountain & glacier trekking expeditions, into the Karakoram range, with access to 14 peaks that are over 8,000m (26,000ft). There is also a huge National park (Central Karakoram National Park) created here to preserve the natural flora and fauna; and there is also the K2 (2nd highest mountain in the world) Museum here.

silk-road-11-image001View from our hotel/B&B room window in Skardu

silk-road-11-image002On the way, tried to take pictures of some schoolgirls, but they ran away; I believe this area is more conservative than Hunza and females are less inclined to be photographed. A reflection of the Purdah Bazaar we witnessed the day before

silk-road-11-image003Skardu town

We went off to visit Satpara Lake, which is now actually dammed and so water levels are rising; the dam provides electricity and the supply of fresh water to Skardu. From Satpara, is the road that goes to Deosai Plains, a high natural plateau in the Karakoram Mountains, but unfortunately, the road was not yet open; it opens a little later on in the season. So we had to skip the Deosai plains.

silk-road-11-image004Water channel, and hydro power station, on way to Satpara Lake

silk-road-11-image005Beautiful Satpara lake, with Satpara village way back in the valley under the mountains

silk-road-11-image006Beautiful turquois waters of Satpara Lake, The building in the background was a PDTC Motel, until the rising waters of the lake due to the dam cut off access to the Motel; now abandoned.

silk-road-11-image007Buddha Rock paintings and carvings; evidence of Buddhist influence before Islam.

silk-road-11-image008View of the valley outside Skardu

silk-road-11-image009Indus river landscape at Skardu

Instead, we decided to visit the K2 Museum in Skardu, and then headed over to nearby Khaplu, another village (106km east) closer to the Tibet/China border, where the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) had converted an old palace/fort of the Raja of Khaplu into an hotel to aid tourism development in Khaplu. So off we drove, once again through some stunning scenery, and small towns.

silk-road-11-image010On the way to Khaplu

silk-road-11-image012Goats & Sheep herding

Beautiful landscape

silk-road-11-image011Fruit stand stop for fresh fruits and watermelon

silk-road-11-image013Beautiful landscape

silk-road-11-image014Farming on flat lands with irrigation

silk-road-11-image015Beauty all around

silk-road-11-image017Local transportation on these old diesel 4×4 Landcruisers

silk-road-11-image018Note the children’s features; on way to Khaplu

silk-road-11-image016River, mountains, and Rocky outcrops

At every district crossing, there was a  Police Checkpoint where all our papers were checked and recorded. At the Khaplu district checkpoint, the police decide we needed a police escort. Upon asking them if there was any kind of trouble ahead in Khaplu, they assured us that there was no trouble or issues in the area, but they were simply following protocol. So a policeman armed with a sub-machine gun jumped into the back of our car and drove with us all the way into Khaplu town.

When visiting India, I always get sick for 1 day; and Pakistan is no exception; I fell sick while on this road. Dilshad believes it was the lettuce I had eaten the previous day (that she and many friends had warned me against eating lettuce :(). Along the way, taking pictures of school children almost always ended up with schoolgirls running away or hiding their faces; I remember from the previous day that this is a conservative society as we never saw any women walking around Skardu town (Pardah bazaar)

We reached Khaplu, sprawling village on a mountainside, and checked into the Serena Khaplu Fort hotel (& said goodbye to our armed escort). This fort/palace was actually the previous palace of the Raja of Khaplu, who donated their old residence (Tibetan architecture) to AKDN to convert into an hotel, as maintenance of this old place was becoming difficult. The palace is built with wood, mud, and clay. Our rooms were actually in what were the stables of the palace; the fort itself was on a hilltop to one side of the palace, was actually in ruins as it had not been used for a long time (thank god for peace). Khaplu is also a major point for trekking into the many mountain peaks and glaciers in this area.

After settling in, we decided to take a walk through the village to visit the old Chaqchan mosque (built in 1370AD) and is one of the oldest mosques in Pakistan.

silk-road-11-image019Washing by stream in Khaplu

silk-road-11-image020With friendly locals in Khaplu village

silk-road-11-image021Lot of mud adobe, wood, and stone construction

After a pleasant walk through Khaplu village, we arrived at the Chaqchan mosque, still used daily for prayers (prominent sign saying non-muslims not allowed). It is a wood mosque, with many delicately carved designs, and belongs to the Nūrbkahshīya Shia sect. TheNūrbkahshīya sect is a Sufi sect.

silk-road-11-image022Chaqchan mosque; made of wood, mud adobe; from 1370AD

silk-road-11-image023Entrance to Chaqchan mosque

silk-road-11-image025Chaqchan mosque; note the wood carvings

silk-road-11-image026Chaqchan mosque, balcony outside main prayer hall, notice the man praying

silk-road-11-image027Inside Chaqchan mosque

silk-road-11-image028Ceiling Chaqchan mosque. Note the design is similar to the square inside square found in Tajik architecture; that helps resist earthquakes

silk-road-11-image029Chaqchan mosque, with friendly locals

silk-road-11-image031Chaqchan mosque, unique “minaret” design to the Nūrbkahshīya Shia sect

silk-road-11-image030Housing in village by Chaqchan mosque; note the flat roofs and drying

silk-road-11-image032Chaqchan mosque; designs on wood

The old mosque was quite interesting and well preserved. Outside the mosque, we came upon some school children that Dilshad befriended, and so we had an interesting talk with them; they spoke Balti, Urdu and some English, so we were able to converse, and they were able to practice their English. They even invited us to their homes for dinner! I got to talk to the young boys who were keen to talk with us.

silk-road-11-image033Dilshad’s friends outside Chaqchan mosque; all Nourbakshia

silk-road-11-image034Story time by Dilshad

silk-road-11-image024Dilshad’s friends Iman and Fatima

silk-road-11-image035Nail polish was a hit

silk-road-11-image036Many interesting questions posed to Dilshad

silk-road-11-image037Very curious girls

silk-road-11-image038Me with the young boys; practicing English with everyone

After some more walking around, we went back to the hotel, early dinner.

silk-road-11-image039Many areas of the village were quite poor


silk-road-11-image041Village elders

silk-road-11-image042Village young 

silk-road-11-image043The means of shelter

silk-road-11-image044Stone, mud and wood construction

silk-road-11-image045 Shy children

 Silk Road 12 next

This entry was posted in Asia, Pakistan, Silk Road Pakistan June 2016

3 thoughts on “Silk Road 11 : Skardu; and Khaplu Fort, Pakistan

  • Pingback: Silk Road 10: Gilgit to Skardu, Pakistan - Ali Karim Travelog

  • leanne kidman May 10, 2017 at 1:09 pm Reply

    Hi there, I would like to say this about this post; in my view its really remarkable for me.

    • Ali Karim August 12, 2017 at 8:01 pm Reply

      HI Leanne, thanks so much for the compliments; so glad you enjoyed my Travelog blog posts abotu Hunza, Skardu, Khaplu etc on the Silk Road through Pakistan

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