Silk Road 8: Khunjerab Pass to Passu, Hunza, Pakistan

By Ali Karim
This post is part of a series called Silk Road Pakistan June 2016
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Now starts the Pakistani side of our adventure in Hunza valley (district) and Gilgit-Baltistan; having crossed over from Xinjiang, China over the Khunjerab Pass. (Please visit for the China Silk Road trip) Hunza is a mostly Ismaili district of Gilgit-Baltistan Province; which was originally part of Kashmir before partition. For Ismaili’s that want to know about our experiences meeting the local Ismaili population, their lives, JK’s etc in Hunza, please PM me.

Checkout how we crossed the border and what are the immigration formalities

The Pakistani border post is at Sost; which is about 75kms from Khunjerab pass. So while we were physically in Pakistan, we were not officially in Pakistan since we had not been processed by Pakistani Immigration. So we stayed on the bus, and had to cross the Khunjerab National Park, where we, foreigners (USA, Korea) had to pay US$8 cash each to pass through the National Park. Pakistanis and Chinese were exempt  ☺; no stopping allowed in the National Park, because we had not officially entered Pakistan.

Along the KKH, we saw lots of rockslides and glacier slides over the KKH; the Pakistani side of the KKH was certainly not as well taken care of as the KKH on the Chinese side; where it was immaculate.

silk-road-7-image002Snaking Karakoram Highway (KKH) in upper Hunza valley

image003Glacier slide over KKH; note the snow/ice with rocks on both sides of the road

image004Wonderful Rock formations along the Hunza river

Massive rocks towering over the KKH

image005Rock slide over KKH, completely covering the 2 lane tarmacked KKH

image006Black Glacier (glacier that has turned darker color due to picking up dirt and rocks) that has avalanched over the Hunza river

At one point, we were forced to stop completely as the road was closed off; which we were told was because of a rock slide further up the road. We were informed it would take about 30-40mins to clear the road. So we waited and stretched our legs. Suddenly, there was a very loud explosion and I panicked as I thought that might be another rock slide near us. However, it turned out that this was a controlled blast of the rocks on the rockslide ahead to allow the earth mover to clear the KKH.

image007Rock slide ahead on KKH

image008Clearing the rock slide after blasting the huge rocks

Soon, we reached Sost, which is the official border post, and were met by Zafar, our (Ismaili) driver. After clearing Pakistani customs/immigration, we left the bus (as did most fellow passengers), and made our way to Passu village. We were now in Upper Hunza valley. There were multiple small villages along the way, all along the river valley where flat land was either available or terraced to allow growing of crops (Potatoes, corn, wheat, aubergine, long beans etc and poplar trees) with irrigation. 100% of the people here are Ismaili’s and so we spent some time here to meet the locals, visit their homes and several JamatKhana’s that are present in every village.

Not to Miss
The Amazing Landscape of Mountains and Valleys in Hunza Region. Its Perfectly instagrammable


image010Spectacular scenery of the Karakoram range along the KKH in Upper Hunza

Our first stop was in Khyber village, where Zafar took us to show us the local JamatKhana. There, we met several young people who showed us around the old JK, and then the newer JK that was being built. The facilities were simple and basic, but sufficient. The backdrop around the JK was spectacular with huge snow capped peaks all around.

image011Khyber village

image012Khyber Village JK, entrance stairs and the new JK under the older JK on top

image013Khyber village old JK

image014Khyber Village JK

image015Local village JK with several young people we met there who gave us a tour of the JK

The whole Upper Hunza valley has simply spectacular views; it is truly a Shangri-La. Never experienced such natural beauty anywhere before. Pictures cannot do justice to this spectacular landscape. When we arrived into Passu, we saw the greeting etched on the mountain-side across the Hunza river commemorating His Highness’s visit there in Nov 1987.

image016Writing etched into the mountainside commemorating His Highness’s visit in Nov 1987; cathedral peaks to the left

image017Close up view

We drove and stopped for the night at the Sarai Silk Lodge in Passu; a basic hotel with spectacular views

image018Patio area of the hotel in Passu; magnificent scenery all around

After settling in, Abbas came by and introduced himself as our Guide for the rest of the journey. After discussing our Pakistan trip plans, and a quick dinner, it started getting dark, and it was time for JK. So we drove, then walked over to the Passu JK; by this time, it had got dark rather quickly; I guess the huge mountain peaks all around block a lot of the setting sun’s light; and since there were no street lights around, the cellphone lights came in very handy.

image019Sunset in Passu

We joined the local Passu Ismaili’s in their very nice, small, JK for evening prayers. The prayer formats were a little different from what we are used to. Several ceremonies and methods were also different. After JK, we met all the locals in the JK compound; got a tour of the facility; there were about 50-60 people in attendance at the JK, and being a small village, everyone knew we had just arrived. They almost all spoke English as they are all 100% literate; and were very hospitable.

Many people invited us to their homes for dinner, tea etc but since we were tired from a long day driving from Tashkurgan, China, we decided to call it a day. Check out our journey from Tashkurgan  Drove back to the hotel and when the car was switched off, the whole area was pitch dark; they had no street lights and no light pollution. The beauty of it was that you could easily see the millions of bright stars in the sky; breathtaking.

Hunza district was part of the Kashmir region that India claims, but in the wars after independence, this part of Kashmir came under Pakistan control. Until 1974, Hunza was actually a Princely State, when was dissolved by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.

We spent most of the next day in Passu village, before driving to Karimabad (formerly Baltit, also known as Hunza) visiting sites along the way; the whole Hunza area from Khunjerab Pass to Karimabad Is 100% Ismaili.

Passu is a small village of less than 100 households, and all are farming households with cows/sheep/goat rearing. They are a simple, but very friendly and inviting people, and are located on the banks of the Hunza river which starts from a glacier at Khunjerab pass. The homes used to be built with stones and mud adobe, but were improved over time and now are cinder block build.

Inside, the houses have a traditional Tajik design ceiling of squares inside squares, which is supposed to be very good for withstanding earthquakes. As we walked through the village, we met with multiple people and got invited to tea multiple times, but had plans for tea at Zafar’s house and then lunch at Abbas’s house, so could not stop. Very friendly and inviting people all over. We noted that most of the families (full families) were out in their fields working their vegetable fields. This included the council president; see pics

People with whole families go and work in fields together

image020Passu village, typical structure for cattle and food storage. Note the irrigation canal in foreground

image021Passu village; note the Cathedral Peaks in the background

image022Villagers hard at work

image023Off to school

image024Taking care of potato’s

image025Ismaili Farmer

image026Canals for irrigation, water flows are controlled by the “dam” stones

image027Beautiful backdrop for Passu

image028Ismaili Lady; Tajik headdress



image031Whole family hard at work; this was the council president (far right), his son, and then his wife and mother (left) all working hard in their potato field

All houses here have clean running water gathered from the glaciers high up, and piped to all houses. In addition, water channels were dug by the villagers from lower down the glaciers to bring irrigation water to all the farms, by gravity. Every small plot for growing crops was irrigated; simple but very effective.

Each home also has a septic tank, and electricity from micro and macro power stations. A lot of this basic infrastructure development was brought about by AKRSP since 1980’s. But there is NO internet here, and cellular service is by a localized carrier, so no TMobile service here. I was unconnected for 2 days, but felt good  🙂

image033Cattle Shed

image034 Old Silk road path through Passu village

image035Typical house, shed for animals and food, and yard/farm fenced off

image036Villagers we met

image037Grandma was enjoying the sun with her grandson

image038Young lady was back from High School for vacation

image039Peaceful, serene village life

image040Another young villager back from High School for vacation

image041The ladies in Passu work very hard; they take care of the house, cooking/cleaning, the kids, the in-laws, the cattle/goats/sheep (daily cleaning, taking out to pasture, herding back at night), the farm work (planting, weeding, watering, harvesting). And they never complain, always smiling. Next time Dilshad Karim complains about how hard she works, I will remind her of these Hunza women  🙂

That begs the question; what do the men here do?  Since the women do all the work around the home, farm, cattle, and family; there needs to be some money income coming in for other basics. So the men find work elsewhere to make money. So for example, Zafar was our driver and Abbas was our guide for 2 weeks during our trip thru Gilgit-Baltistan province

image042Hunza river and the Cathedral Peaks in the background

This area is well known for long life expectancy, in addition to its breathtaking natural beauty; the essential Shangri-La. We went to visit the oldest person living in Passu, Mr. Zahoor Muhammed Alvi, who was 108yrs old. In this area, everyone is familiar with everyone else, and there is no formality; if you want to visit someone, you don’t need an invitation into their home; you just go there and enter their home.

This is how we simply walked in uninvited to visit the oldest man in Passu. He sat up in bed to meet us and talked to us in Wahi. We were served tea/hot milk by his family and chatted for a while. He is not very active now, but still goes to the bathroom by himself; no help needed. Healthy indeed. I have never met anyone quite that old, so another first for me. Mr. Zahoor gifted me a Hunza hat; it was something I had wanted to purchase anyway, so it was very kind of him to gift it to me. Something I will never forget. So very kind and giving people here.

image043Zahoor Muhammed Alvi; 108yrs old. The oldest man in Passu, and the oldest man I have ever met. He gifted me a Hunza hat; I will never forget him.

image044108 year old hands

Then we went and visited an Early Chidlhood Development center run by the AKES; where they had kindergarten to grade 3 kids.

image045Elementary (ECD) school

image046ECD grade 1

image047ECD Grade 2

image048School compound

We received a demonstration of healthy personal hygiene by the children of ECD II

Next, we walked over to the JK to take some pictures, as the previous night, it had been dark.
image049Inscription on the mosque compound wall

image050Passu main JK

image051REC Classrooms, Kitchen, Social hall etc in JK compound

image052We also visited the Middle school which was founded by a Japanese lady that is run by AKES, that goes from grade 4-8; after which, kids have to go to boarding high schools in larger towns like Karimabad or Gilgit.

image053Middle school in Passu


School compounds and Recreation areas; football and volleyball during recess
In between, we stopped for tea at Zafar’s house. Zafar’s father is 92, and still works in the farm, daily doing manual labor. Amazingly strong mountain people. Tea was traditional “choi” (or namak tea); which is tea, and you stir it with a big piece of rock salt, to add salt to the tea. More you stir, the more salt you get in your tea. This is typical mountain tea.

image056Zafar’s 92yr old father, who still works the fields manually every day

image057Interior of house

image058Typical Tajik interior ceiling design; skylight for light and ventilation and the round hole on side for chimney in winter for the stove for heating. The square in square design is meant to help withstand earthquakes

image059With Zafar’s wife outside their home and farm

image060Samosa stop in Passu. Samosas are made mostly with potatoes; yummy

Lunch was at Abbas’s house; where his wife, Joshan, had cooked up a big lunch for us; including typical apricot based pancakes, nan, vegetable curry (okra, potato, onion), daal and pilau. What a feast. They grow a lot of potato’s here, and store them for use all winter as a high energy food; my kind of food :). Abbas’s father is also 92, and always active. Both he and Zafar’s father had fought for Pakistan in the Kashmir war after independence.

image061Lunch feast prepared by Abbas’s wife Joshun (Apricot type pancakes, Nan, Rice, vegetable curry and meat curry)

image063Interestingly, the houses in Hunza were surprisingly similar in layout and eating/sleeping arrangements as in Xinjiang, China. In general, very simple and functional, with no trappings

image062Abbas and his wife, Joshun

An absolutely wonderful time spent in Passu; with the friendliest and warmest people.

Next, Drive to Karimabad, touring Karimabad, and then onto Gilgit and beyond.

Silk Road 9: karakorum Highway next

This entry was posted in Asia, Pakistan, Silk Road Pakistan June 2016

25 thoughts on “Silk Road 8: Khunjerab Pass to Passu, Hunza, Pakistan

  • Pingback: Silk Road 7: Karakorum Highway (KKH) China to Pakistan over Khunjerab Pass Ali Karim Travelog

  • Murad July 23, 2020 at 10:01 pm Reply

    Yaali Ali,
    Looks like you had a wonderful trip to Hunza Area. I am planning to go Mid March 2021. Thinking about the weather.
    If you could kindly get me the names and addresses of Jamatkhanas in Hunza,Giligit: Skardu and in the neighbourhood. I also need the drivers e-mail with phone #.
    That will be great.

    • Ali Karim July 25, 2020 at 10:06 pm Reply

      Hi Murad, thanks for your feedback and message. I have PM’d you to your email, the info you requested
      You will enjoy 🙂

  • Pingback: Silk Road 16: More Osh, Kyrgyzstan - Ali Karim Travelog Asia

  • Tayyab July 13, 2019 at 4:31 am Reply

    Hi Ali Karim. very nice and informative blog. I am planning a trip next year and I wanted to know which travel agent/tours did you use?

    • Ali Karim July 25, 2019 at 10:39 pm Reply

      HI Tayyab, thanks for the feedback. Apologies for the delay, as I was traveling. I have PM’d you the info you were looking for.

  • Pingback: Silk Road 9: Karakorum Highway; Karimabad/Hunza, Pakistan - Ali Karim Travelog

  • chong AhLek January 31, 2019 at 8:37 pm Reply

    Hi Karim: I like your blog. I am planning to visit Pakistan from Beijing. Do you mind share your some info on security, border visa, accommodation recommendation, transport for my trip plan reference. Thanks

    • Ali Karim February 17, 2019 at 9:17 pm Reply

      Hello Chong, Thanks for your feedback. I have PM’d you the info you requested. I know you will enjoy this trip. as much as my wife and I did.

  • Gillian Groom January 25, 2019 at 11:44 pm Reply

    Ali Karim- I want to thank you for such a rich blog, both text and pics. I was in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan last year and it’s great to see how the Silk Road is so vast with so many commonalities and differences. Very much enjoying your trip whilst planning my own to Pakistan (and now possibly Kashgar region). I would be very grateful for the details of the travel company that you used in both countries. Thanks, Gill.

    • Ali Karim January 27, 2019 at 11:49 am Reply

      HI Gillian, So glad you enjoyed reading my blogposts, and found them useful. That part of the world is beautiful and you will enjoy it.
      Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan are on my list for another Silk Road trip; so I will have to pick your brains. I have PM’d you for the details you were looking for.

  • mano September 1, 2018 at 12:43 am Reply

    thanks for posting!. I’m making this trip in a months time. going from beijing to kashgar by train, then going to hunza by bus and then to islamabad… did you book a tour guide or…? i have asked around and its incredibly pricey! =/

    • Ali Karim September 1, 2018 at 10:11 am Reply

      Hi Mano, thanks for reading my blog. Yes, we did use the services of a guide in Kashgar onto Karakul and Tashgurgan; and then picked up another driver/guide in Sost, Hunza.
      I will PM you their details.

  • Naila Isaji July 5, 2018 at 11:46 pm Reply

    Hi, we are planning a trip to Hunza. What travel agent did you use, and do you have their contact details? Would you recommend them?

    • Ali Karim July 6, 2018 at 5:11 pm Reply

      Hello Naila, I have PM’d you the info you are looking for; please check your email

  • Faqir Ullah Khan July 1, 2018 at 7:08 am Reply

    Nice collection and descriptions for the photographs .

    • Ali Karim July 6, 2018 at 5:10 pm Reply

      THank you

  • Shahid Wain June 28, 2018 at 2:22 am Reply

    Thanks for very well articulated information. I intend crossing the border from Pakistan to China in the last week of July 18. My question is that Can I travel to Kasghar, after reaching Tashkorgan, on the same day, if yes, then how? I would be using NATCO Bus for crossing the border from Sost.

    • Ali Karim June 28, 2018 at 9:05 am Reply

      Hi Shahid, thanks for reading my blogposts. In my opinion, it would not be possible to drive from Sost to Tashkurgan to Kashgar on the same day. Reason is mainly because the drive is long, and there is (was) a lot of construction on the KKH, and it took us almost a whole day (with stops) just to get from Kashgar to Tashkurgan. My advice would be to stay overnight in Tashkurgan to break the journey. Hope this helps

  • welltravbrit January 30, 2018 at 11:26 am Reply

    I’ve just found your blog and I’m starting to read through your Pakistan posts and I wanted to say thank you so much.
    I blog, as you do for the sheer joy of travel and it looks like we love similarly off the beaten path destinations. Our last trip was to Sudan which I highly recommend. Anyway, my husband and I are considering a Karakoram trip later this year and really appreciate the time and care you’ve taken to describe your experiences. It’s very reassuring, particularly as this is a non-commercial site. Did you use a local travel agent and would you recommend them? Many thanks….

    • Ali Karim January 31, 2018 at 8:39 am Reply

      Hi welltravbrit; thanks for your kind words; really appreciate that and so glad you are finding my travelg useful. The Karakoram’s are a great place to connect with nature and enjoy some of the most beautiful scenery.
      I highly recommend including Xinjiang, China as a starting point (
      Sudan has not been on my bucket list, but I will check out your blog and I’m sure I will add it to my bucket list 🙂
      I have PM’d you the info you were looking for. We basically planned it ourselves, and then used a tour company to provide us the car, driver and hotel bookings that we wanted; as well as the itinerary we wanted.
      Thanks again

  • Meghan Trainor September 11, 2017 at 8:02 pm Reply

    Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to say
    that I’ve really loved browsing your blog posts. In any case
    I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I
    am hoping you write again very soon!

    • Ali Karim September 13, 2017 at 3:13 am Reply

      Thanks Meghan; so glad you enjoyed my blog post

  • Qasim Bhatti July 4, 2017 at 4:55 pm Reply

    Very nice to read your blog. I live in Norway and plan to travel from Islamabad to Sost. From Sost it goes a daily bus to Tashkuran in China. I think to stay over one night there and come back to Pakistan the day after. Did you have some security issues there? We have a lot of safety here – so it’s very important. Otherwise I will just drive car to the border and come back.

    • Ali Karim July 4, 2017 at 9:11 pm Reply

      Qasim, thanks. NO security issues,. So dont worry about that, so long as you take normal precautions. We never felt scared when we were there. People are very friendly. I recommend you spend more time in Xinjiang rather than just going to Tashkurgan and returning. THere is not much in Tashkurgan, so I highly recommend you take the same bus all the way to Kashgar as minimum. Spend a few more days in Xinjiang; you will not be disappointed. Let me know if you need more info

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